About Amma

Born February 24, 1948 (1948-02-24) (age 61) at Mysore, Karnataka .

Jayalalithaa Jayaram or J. Jayalalitha (as commonly referred), (born February 24, 1948), is a current Chief Minister and leader of the ruling party of the Government of Tamil Nadu, India. She is the incumbent general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, a Dravidian party in the state. She is popularly called Amma (mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (Revolutionary Leader) by her followers. She was a popular film star in Tamil cinema before her entry into politics.

Childhood

She was born in Mysore as Komalavalli in a typical Tamil Iyengar family. After losing her father at the age of two, her family fell into poverty. She was educated at the Bishop Cotton Girls High School in Bangalore but later she moved to Madras State (now Tamil Nadu) along with her mother Sandhya, who ventured as an actress into Tamil cinema.

She was then schooled at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park) of Presentation Convent in Chennai. She excelled in academics and has claimed that she was offered a scholarship for higher studies from Government of India, but with the guidance from her mother, young Jayalalitha moved into film industry She has an elder brother named Vasudevan. Vasudevan is about 8 years older and lives with his wife Vedavalli in Shrirangarajpur near Mysore (30 km from Mysore).

Film Career

Prior to her venture into politics, she had a successful career in the Tamil film industry as an actress. Jayalalithaa was a very famous actress in Tamil movie. She was very much in demand and acted with all the top heroes. What was in her favor was that the other heroines before her were all middle-aged and sari-clad.

She acted in the English language movie "Epistle" released in 1961 produced by Shankar Giri, son of former president of India Dr. V.V. Giri. Chinnada Gombe, her first film (in Kannada) was a major hit.

Her first Telugu film Manushulu Mamathalu made her famous. In 1972, she was honoured by the Tamil Nadu government with the award Kalaimamani. Her last film was Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal in the year 1980. She has sung for lot of films in all the Indian languages.

Political Leader

In 1981, she joined the AIADMK and was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1984, marking her entry into the Parliament of India. Her association with politics grew from her relationship with M. G. Ramachandran (popularly known as M.G.R), movie star and then Chief Minister. On M.G R’s death, she was alienated by a faction of the party who chose to support M.G R’s wife Janaki Ramachandran. Drawing on her massive popularity and her image as the “wronged woman”, in 1989, she won the elections to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly—incidentally, she became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition.

In 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, just days before the elections, her alliance with Indian National Congress paid off as a sympathy wave propelled the coalition to a massive victory. She was re-elected to the legislative assembly and became the first elected woman chief minister of Tamil Nadu (Janaki Ramachandran technically became the first woman chief minister following her husband’s death, but she was unelected and presided over a transitional ‘caretaker’ government) serving the full tenure (June 24, 1991 - May 12, 1996). However, due to an anti-incumbency wave, and several allegations of corruption and malfeasance against her and her ministers, she lost power to the DMK in 1996, in a landslide defeat.

During the years out of power, she had to face a number of criminal lawsuits related to her first term rule, mostly dealing with embezzlement and monetary fraud. In 2001, a specially designated court convicted her of criminal breach of trust and of illegally acquiring governmental property belonging to TANSI, a state-run agency, and sentenced her to five years’ imprisonment. She appealed against the sentence to the Supreme Court of India. While the appeal was under judicial consideration, the conviction disqualified her from contesting the 2001 elections. However, having led her party to victory, she controversially became the Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the assembly.

On September 21, 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled that “a person who is convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such”. Thereby, the bench decided that “in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue”.

In effect, her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between May 14, 2001 and September 21, 2001. O. Panneerselvam, a minister, was subsequently installed as the Chief Minister. However, his government was widely believed to have been puppeted and micro-managed by Jayalalithaa. In 2003, the Supreme Court acquitted her in the specific case, for lack of conclusive evidence to convict her.

This cleared the way for her to contest a mid-term poll to the Andipatti constituency, after the elected representative for the seat, gave up his membership. Winning the election by a handsome margin, Jayalalithaa took over the Chief Ministership again. She is still a party to a few criminal litigations from her first term rule in the courts in the neighbouring Karnataka state..

After the 2006 assembly elections, O. Panneerselvam was elected the AIADMK legislature party leader and hence the Leader of the Opposition in the assembly, after she decided not to attend the assembly except if “absolutely necessary”. However she, by virtue of her strong control over her party, was considered to be the de-facto leader of the opposition in the state. Later that month when all the attending AIADMK MLAs were suspended, she started attending the assembly. She was elected the legislature party leader and led the opposition in the assembly.

Thereafter in the 2011 general elections to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, the AIADMK led alliance trounced the DMK led front by winning 203 Assembly Constituencies out of 234 Assembly Constituencies. The AIADMK alone had captured 150 seats and formed the Government on its own. She was elected from Srirangam Assembly Constituency by a huge margin. She was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16.5.2011.

Jayalalitha-led ruling AIADMK has clearly swept the Tamil Nadu Lok Sabha elections 2014 winning 37 out of 39 seats, decimating its chief rival DMK. The impact of ‘Amma’ was such that Karunanidhi-led DMK failed to secure even a single seat in the state. The Modi wave was countered by the ‘Amma wave’ as the saffron party secured just two seats.

Political Milestones

Amma Political Milestones

Governtment Officers Strike declared illegal

Banning of High interest private loans.

Completion of New Veeranam Water Supply Scheme for Chennai.

Elimination of the bandit Veerappan.

Introduction of Video conferencing in Jails and Courts, thus eliminating the need to physically bring the accused to court to extend the parole or remand every time.

All women police stations established

Rain water Harvesting Scheme, relief to water shortage.

New Schemes

Rural Women Self-Help Programme' benefitting lakhs of women in villages.

Free cycles to all graduating school students.

Thottil Kuzhandai Thittam initiated by J.Jayalalitha won her widespread accolades

Free Laptops for school and college students

Amma Unavagam

Free mixer, grinder and fan

Solar power plants

Free houses

Free bus passes for senior citizens

Free cows and goats for farmers

Amma Medicals

No power outage

Partial Filmography

Film Name Co-Star
Vennira Aadai Srikanth
Aayirathil Oruvan M.G. Ramachandran
Kavalkaran M.G. Ramachandran,Prem Nazir
Adimai pen M.G. Ramachandran,Prem Nazir
Olivilakku M.G. Ramachandran,Prem Nazir
Kanni thai M.G. Ramachandran,Prem Nazir
Mugarasi M. G. Ramachandran
Thanipiravi M. G. Ramachandran
Annamittakai M. G. Ramachandran
Neerum Neruppum M. G. Ramachandran
Engal Thangam M. G. Ramachandran
Thalaivan M. G. Ramachandran
Mattukkaravelan M. G. Ramachandran
adhal Vaganam M. G. Ramachandran
Kanavan M. G. Ramachandran
Kudiyiruntha koil M. G. Ramachandran
Ther Thiruvizha M. G. Ramachandran
Ragasiya Police 115 M. G. Ramachandran
Mattukkaravelan M. G. Ramachandran
Mattukkaravelan M. G. Ramachandran
Mattukkaravelan M. G. Ramachandran
Chandrothayam M. G. Ramachandran
Pudhiya Boomi M. G. Ramachandran
Arasakattalai M. G. Ramachandran, B. Sarojadevi
Raman Thediya Seethai M. G. Ramachandran
Kannan en Kaadalan M. G. Ramachandran
TheThedi vandha maapillai M. G. Ramachandran
En Annan M. G. Ramachandran
Kumari kottam M. G. Ramachandran
Pattikattu ponniah M. G. Ramachandran
Nam Naadu M. G. Ramachandran
Pattikada Pattanama Sivaji Ganesan
Galatta Kalyanam Sivaji Ganesan
Sumathi en Sundari Sivaji Ganesan
Engirundho vandhal Sivaji Ganesan
Neethi Sivaji Ganesan
Savale samali Sivaji Ganesan
Raja Sivaji Ganesan
Deiva Magan Sivaji Ganesan
Motor Sundarampillai Sivaji Ganesan
Pattum Bharathamum Sivaji Ganesan
Kandan karunai Sivaji Ganesan, Sivakumar
Enga Maama Sivaji Ganesan
Thaai Sivaji Ganesan
GurGurudakshanai Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini
Annai Velankanni Gemini Ganesan
Sri Krishna Leela Sivakumar, Sri Vidya
Sakthi Leelai Gemini Ganesan, KR Vijaya
Iru Deivangal Gemini Ganesan
Athiparasakthi Gemini Ganesan
Suryakanthi Muthuraman
Thirumangalyam Muthuraman
Vairam Jaishankar
Yar nee Jaishankar
Nee Jaishankar
Bommalattam Jaishankar
Kumari penn Ravichandran
Bhagdad Perazhagi Ravichandran
Nadhiyai thedi vandha kadal Sarathbabu
Awards and Degrees

In 1991, the University of Madras honoured her by conferring the degree of Doctor of Literature. In 1992, the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her. In 1993, the Madurai Kamaraj University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her. In 2003, the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University conferred the degree of Doctor of Science on her and the Bharathidasan University conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters on her. She received the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws conferred on her by The Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Chennai in 2005.

References

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